American Institute of Mathematics Open Textbook Initiative --
note that they review the texts too and are a bit picky about what they list: https://aimath.org/textbooks/
More than just math: University of Minnesota open textbook initiative. Stats, CS, and humanities as well: https://open.umn.edu/opentextbooks/
Not a repository, but an individual free/open math text under development -- comments and feedback desired: https://www.softcover.io/read/bf34ea25/math_for_finance It starts with elementary probability and then combines probability and stats with linear algebra, multivariable calculus, and differential equations. Aimed at folks who have seen the math before but need a refresher and a viewpoint that unifies seemingly disparate topics. Note that it uses Softcover, a great way to publish technical texts to several formats at once.
As a "budget" engineering/science school, I feel like it's part of the ethos.
It also helps that the library checks out textbooks as well. I think they'll even obtain a copy of a textbook they don't have at the professor's request.
EDIT: Also, the the University System of Georgia has an exchange program that ships unique books between libraries in the state, though this isn't unique to Georgia.
Is there anyone who has done something similar who might share some suggestions for success?
"Mathematics for the Nonmathematician" https://www.amazon.com/Mathematics-Nonmathematician-Morris-K...
"Mathematics for the Million" https://www.amazon.com/Mathematics-Million-Master-Magic-Numb...
Of the two I prefered Kline's book but they are both good, albeit a bit heavy on geometery as that was a big focus of early math research.
Another great starting point is "Book of Proofs" and "Introduction to Mathematical Reasoning" to give you a deeper sense of how to approach the subject.
From there I went down this path (the order of which is up to you, each has tons of good source material):
-> Linear Algebra
-> Abstract Algebra
-> Set Theory
-> Group Theory
-> Category Theory
-> Discrete Mathematics
I never did well with learning math in a classroom but I've grown to love math through this process. There are lots of applications in programming as well. It makes approaching the deeper parts of Haskell/FP, data science, and machine learning much more accessible. I particularly liked the higher level Abstract Algebra stuff over the more grinding equations of calculus/linear algebra as it was more similar to programming.
Linear Algebra Done Right takes a more abstract approach so there is minimal computational pain.
I prefer the more abstract stuff as I can do most of the computation via Sage (which is a great learning tool). Plus there are some amazing scientific calculator apps for Android and iOS these days which let you compose and calculate full complicated equations.
Of course it helps to work out equations to understand them but far too many math books push you towards rote memorization and test prep, meaning lots of exercises with endless equations, which is far from my goal here.
I'd say there is a market here for a math book/video series combined with Sage for teaching programmers and data scientists math. But there are so many math books already I'm afraid it would get lost in the noise.
But the dead tree version is also very reasonably priced.
Fast forward 15 years and I've forgotten so much that I look at old notebooks and can't understand a fucking thing I wrote back then.
It depresses me to no end.
And I kind of despair that with the obligations I'm locked into right now, it will be nearly impossible to dedicate the time I would need to relearn it all.
The mind map in your head will start reconnecting fairly quickly I imagine.
I personally find the sheer quantity and range of these free pdfs daunting, so as a renegade physics graduate I'm focusing on Hammack's The Book of Proof this summer. As you did Maths at University, you might not need elementary stuff like that having already learned the strategies for abstract proof.
MOOCs and books provide the materials but not the motivation or the opportunities for synthesis through verbalization and interaction.
For what it's worth, I'm basically in the midst of a sabbatical in order to study math.
Progress is sporadic, due to having a newborn in the house, but patching all the holes in my math knowledge feels good.
I've also been running through the series of Youtube videos on Calculus I by Professor Leonard. The plan is to go through his entire sequence (Calc I, II and III) and then move on to Linear Algebra (I've already been dabbling in that as well, mostly with the 3blue1brown videos).
It's not easy, but I think it's worth the effort to build up that math base. It increases the scope of things you can read, study and understand, which is pretty valuable.
After a few fits and starts at re-learning I've found the only things that stick are things that I end-up using (albeit sometimes in a forced way). Nothing wrong with a nostalgic perusal of classic well-written texts, but these kinds of things were never intended for just reading. You gotta apply it to really know it.
I definitely agree that human interaction is needed, though (as noted in my other response) -- but it could be either a teacher or other students.
Doesn't matter how as long as you do the work. If a book leaves you dry, try another one asap.
I guess you're an engineer in academia, but it might help to specify, since that affects what suggestions are relevant.
I'd love a group
Calculus Revisited: Single Variable Calculus | MIT https://ocw.mit.edu/resources/res-18-006-calculus-revisited-...
Calculus Revisited: Multivariable Calculus | MIT https://ocw.mit.edu/resources/res-18-007-calculus-revisited-...
Complex Variables, Differential Equations, and Linear Algebra | MIT https://ocw.mit.edu/resources/res-18-008-calculus-revisited-...
Linear Algebra | MIT - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZK3O402wf1c&list=PLE7DDD9101...
Introduction to Linear Dynamical Systems |Stanford https://see.stanford.edu/Course/EE263
Probability | Harvard https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL2SOU6wwxB0uwwH80KTQ6...
Intermediate Statistics | CMU https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLcW8xNfZoh7eI7KSWneVW...
Convex Optimization I | Stanford https://see.stanford.edu/Course/EE364A
Math Background for ML | CMU https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL7y-1rk2cCsA339crwXMW...
I'll never forget how the math professors would switch from edition x to edition x+1 with the only clearly visible difference being the homework assignment questions.
I truly hope that this is not just a trove of books, but also a signaling of the change in culture from opportunism at the expense of the students to openness.
I am a free text author (one of mine is an entry on OP's page). If you want change, here is something you can do.
When you are contacted by the alum reps at your school, GaTech or otherwise, don't ask about the football team. Ask if the faculty are rewarded for writing books that are Free.
People respond to rewards. Said less abstractly, I have been told a lot, often by young folks starting out, that they have a good idea but cannot afford to spend the time on a project that would not be recognized at their institution when they come up for tenure or promotion.
(My institution had the foresight to recognized this kind of work, for which I can only say how great that was of them.)
For the most part, professors have to use books that the university bookstore can obtain. Since the publishers were always bumping up the edition, that meant using the new edition. When (and where) I was going to school, most professors would turn a blind eye to students using an old edition. Many would even go as far as supporting students with the old edition. A few would recommend entirely different books if they felt that they were better. I even had one professor who paid students for finding errors in a book that he wrote, even if he knew that the student was using a photocopy of his book.
Very few professors are opportunists and most would prefer an open culture. They are simply stuck with the rules of a system that preys upon students.
I'm currently working through Udacity's Self-Driving Car Engineer Nanodegree; if everything goes well, I should be heading into Term 3 soon.
What is painfully known to me, before I started this course and now in the middle of it - is my lack of certain education in mathematics.
Particularly that of stats/probability - but lately understanding the basics of calculus, namely that of derivatives and integrals. So I would like some assistance - namely, what are your suggestions for me to remedy this, after I finish the Nanodegree?
My thoughts have been to take a reprieve from coursework, then maybe next year launch into something more. Maybe more MOOCs or other online course or resources (like these books) geared toward learning this material. Or perhaps taking a course or two at a local community college? Perhaps I could audit a local (ASU West here in Arizona would be closest) mathematics course? Or maybe do some other kind of formal online study (I have considered getting a BS then an MS via an online school).
I seem to do alright with MOOCs "at my own pace" - but I also do well in a more structured system, with a set syllabus, schedule, and testing.
I just want to see what others think might be the best approach, in order to assist my decision in the future. Thank you all for any suggestions and such.
I wrote about some of my take-home messages from that book here:
https://www.quora.com/profile/David-Lawrence-6 "How I study hard"
Abhishek Pillai wrote about what he learnt here:
I have completed 3 MOOC courses. I was lucky that they tied in with my job.
check out this series (he also has a really good one on linear algebra)
After that, I'd check out Khan academy.
This list's a couple years old, for machine learning, including basic lin.alg, prob/stats: https://www.reddit.com/r/MachineLearning/comments/1jeawf/mac...
- Deep learning book by Goodfellow et al,http://www.deeplearningbook.org/ (the one by Michael Nielsen is good as well)
- Foundations, excellent text: http://www.cs.huji.ac.il/~shais/UnderstandingMachineLearning... Shalev-Shwartz, Ben-David
- https://www.cs.cornell.edu/jeh/bookMay2015.pdf, Blum, Hopcroft, Kannan, probably an older version
That alternative is the books published or republished by Dover publications. They like to take older textbooks and purchase rights to republish them as relatively inexpensive paperback editions. A very large fraction of their books are under $20, with many under $12. A few are more expensive, but only rarely more than $30.
The level ranges from suitable for high school students to graduate level and beyond.
Here's their mathematics section: http://store.doverpublications.com/by-subject-mathematics.ht...
Don't overlook the "general" subcategory. They have some wonderful problem books there, such as Yaglom and Yaglom's "Challenging Mathematical Problems With Elementary Solutions" series.
They also do this for physics, chemistry, engineering, history, economics, computer science, biology, earth science and more.
Hey IEEE, you are doing the opposite of a service in a world created by your members. Please cease to exist.
As an on-again, off-again IEEE member, I've often wondered what it would take to stage a "revolt" of sort and get enough like minded people on the IEEE board (or whatever they call their leadership group) to radically remake their approach to monetizing content. In an ideal world, I'd love to see all research papers made freely available and the organization funded solely by membership fees and other means - conference fees, sales of dead-tree books, probably other stuff. Maybe charitable donations?
But up to this point, I'm afraid I've never been motivated enough to really pursue the issue. But if anybody wants to form an "open access caucus" (or if there already is one!) feel free to give me a shout. I'd still like to help with an effort of this nature.
My favorite book, that I strongly recommend despite the high price of around $100 in the US is "Mathematical Proofs" by Chartrand.
You can get an international copy off eBay for around $45.
If you're weak on basic algebra etc, then you should instead start with "engineering mathematics" by Stroud, which has a foundations section that I started with several years ago when I started relearning math. It's designed for self-study.
I actually did find it helpful to do classes, I found most of the lower division math classes available online (i.e. calculus 1,2,3 and linear algebra). Sometimes, it helps to have deadlines, exams etc :)
Btw, if anyone out there already has a non math degree, but wants to study upper division and graduate level math formally, it turns out the way that is usually done on the US is to apply to a Math Masters program for "conditional admission" to the masters programs. They admit you, and then you do the upper division undergrad courses first, then move onto the masters programs. It's also possible to sign up for one-off classes at various universities via some kind of "open university" program, which is much easier to get into than formal admission to a degree course- I'm actually starting an Analysis course and a Linear algebra course at Berkeley tomorrow, as part of their "summer session", and you basically just sign up, pay your money, and turn up :)
Feel free to get in touch if anyone has any questions (email in profile)
This feeling that you are not armed for the subject is because there is a lot of dependent information between what you know and subjects like category theory and abstract algebra. Since you just got outta high school, you still have a lot to learn between where you are and where you want to be. Do not let that dissuade you tho, you can learn it, just gotta start.
Both MIT and Stanford have category theory as a graduate level course. I was not a math major but I assume that means you're like 4+ years away from learning this on the college track. Now, do not take that as a personal endorsement for going to college, you do you.
But, you are on hacker news, so I assume you want to learn, Well here is the MIT undergrad pure math major class requirements. Its a good place to start learning an undergrad amount of math, the internet has resources everywhere to learn this stuff, it just takes time. Lots and lots of time.
One more tip, there is a trade-off between how hard something is to learn and how quickly you can learn it . Do not over exert yourself too far in the difficult to learn direction, because you will become frustrated. Try and find a spot that is still fun, but not too fun, because then you are not maximizing your learning potential, assuming that is your goal. Learning how to learn can be very helpful, maximize your gains.
Also shout out to Numberphile on Youtube . If you like math, you will like the channel.
http://abstract.ups.edu/download/aata-20160809.pdf try that for size.
Another good resource, except for the latter parts only being obviously useful for physics: http://www.staff.science.uu.nl/~gadda001/goodtheorist/primar...
Personally, I only started to enjoy math when I started hanging out with PhD students (in engineering as I was an engineer). They showed me what you can do with upper level math and that motivated me to learn it. I discovered that most math isn't like high school at all and is way cooler than I imagined.
Professors William T. Trotter  and Mitchel T. Keller  Applied Combinatorics [3,4]
After that disappointment and Schuyler Towne's famously USD$90k vapourware Lockpicks by Open Locksport, I stopped supporting crowdfunding projects.
Good job guys, you ruined it for everyone else.
I can't comment on the deeper parts of the book, because I don't get it yet (I don't really have the time atm to slog through a 900 page book, as much as I'd love to)
I note that slthough it mentions textbooks, it says this:
"They have not been published elsewhere, and, as works in progress, are subject to significant revision."
So I understand the model behind these materials this to be that in the end the goal is to publish with a publisher, not to offer the material for Free download, and that these works are being developed, and welcoming feedback during that process.
I don't believe OP's page has that model. I think OP's page is works that the author considers finished.
For example, one item  there that interests me is a set of student-taken notes that has been on the lecturer's website  for seven years. My prediction is that it will never be changed or fed to a publisher. I think that in trying to avoid conflict with publishers and blame for unstable and error-filled texts the sentence you quote saps the enthusiasm of the visitor.
The "look inside" feature of Amazon is sometimes very limited. Sometimes I've taken a look at PDF or DjVu versions of books, not with the intention of reading them but just looking at them before buying them.
Books approach subjects in varying levels of detail. Sometimes you are interested in deep theory and proofs, sometimes you just want workable formulas.
(And Georgia the US state has a larger population than Georgia the country. So perhaps this is one of the rare times when our parochialism about the rest of the world is justified.)
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